Frequently asked questions about Desert Aid

Below are the most frequently asked questions about volunteering with Desert Aid. Please check to see if your question has been answered before contacting the volunteer coordinator.

(Want to print out this document? Expand all questions. Didn’t want to do that? Collapse all questions.)

COVID-19 Specific FAQs

Thank you for being interested in volunteering with No More Deaths during this pandemic. Humanitarian aid is essential work and we have managed to keep providing support along the borderlands without our Desert Aid Month-long program for over six months. We are in a place where we need your additional support and are inviting non-local volunteers to join us again! We want to be transparent about what practices we have in place to response to COVID-19 and what we can offer month-long volunteers during this time. Please, review the following COVID-19 specific FAQs below before applying to our program.    

Is there a risk of contracting COVID-19 during my time volunteering with No More Deaths?
  • COVID-19 Vaccination Requirement: All volunteers with the Desert Aid Working group are required to have received their two COVID-19 vaccine doses as well as the booster dose in order to volunteer (or be within 6 months of their second dose if they received Moderna or Pfizer, within 2 months of first dose for Johnson & Johnson).
  • While we have intensive COVID-19 protocols and do our best to maintain social distancing practices to minimize exposure, there is inherent risk involved with all essential work. There will be situations where social distancing will not be possible while providing patient care and meeting the needs of our guests at camp.
  • Our main humanitarian aid station, Byrd Camp, is a primarily outdoor space which current science indicates is a lower-risk environment for transmission. However, there are several tents and other structures that you are likely to enter for short times with patients and/or other volunteers.
  • As a volunteer at Byrd Camp, you may be asked to wash dishes, clean bathrooms, strip bedding where others have slept. and ride in vehicles with other volunteers. Please keep these activities in mind when doing your own risk assessment before applying.
  • We recommend that all volunteers come prepared with a COVID-19 plan in case you do get sick (Do you have insurance? Does your insurance cover medical expenses in a different state? etc.)
  • This volunteer program is not a low risk activity. If you have any Covid-19 questions or concerns that are not covered in this FAQ, please reach out to the volunteer coordinator at
What practices are being implemented to reduce exposure for No More Deaths’ Volunteers while in the field?
  • In efforts to minimize COVID-19 exposure and prevent exposing patients and other volunteers, we have created a Best Practices & Risk Assessment for Desert Aid Volunteers. The goal is to have volunteers with the lowest risk of exposure providing care at aid stations and doing water drops. This assessment centers community health and is rooted in trust. We hold ourselves accountable to each other, the collective, and primarily, the people we act in solidarity with.
  • Our COVID-19 Protocols are written with the understanding that all volunteers and patients have the potential to be asymptomatic carriers and thus proper precautions should be carried out at all times.
  • When driving, all volunteers are required to wear masks, the windows will be rolled down to promote ventilation, and vehicles will be sanitized before and after use.
What if a patient shows signs of COVID-19 symptoms while I am at one of our humanitarian aid stations?
  • Month-long volunteers will not interact with or care for patients who are symptomatic of COVID-19. Those roles will be filled by long term facilitators, and they will always be wearing an N95 mask.
What if I become symptomatic? What if I contract COVID-19?
  • If you are symptomatic, you will be taken out of the field and provided a space to isolate while you wait for the results of a COVID-19 test (backroom in volunteer house). We will share information on where you can get tested. You may use a NMD vehicle to go to a testing site. We will also support you with food and other supplies you might need to care for yourself to the best of our ability.
  • If your test result is negative and you are no longer symptomatic: You will be welcome to resume desert aid work.
  • If your test result is negative and you are still symptomatic: You will isolate for another 5-7 days before getting re-tested.
  • If you test positive for COVID-19: We will provide a space for you to isolate until you are cleared by a medical professional. At that time, you may return to the desert or return home if you wish.
What if another month-long volunteer is symptomatic? What if they are confirmed to have COVID-19?
  • If another month-long is symptomatic, all month-long volunteers will be taken out of the field. All month-long volunteers will isolate or quarantine for 5-7 days before all taking a COVID-19 test. We will share information on where you can get tested. You may use a NMD vehicle to go to a testing site. Symptomatic volunteers and non-symptomatic volunteers should not be in shared spaces at the same time.  If non-symptomatic volunteers need to use shared spaces, they must wear an N95 mask.
  • If your test result is negative, you are welcomed to resume desert aid work.
  • If you test positive for COVID-19, we will provide a space for you to isolate until you are cleared by a medical professional. At that time, you may return to the desert or return home if you wish.
If a local volunteer/facilitator I am at camp with is symptomatic or is confirmed to have COVID-19, how will I be informed and what steps would be taken?
  • If local volunteer/facilitator is symptomatic, they will cease doing desert aid work until they test negative for COVID-19. If they test positive, they will not return to the desert until cleared by a medical professional.
  • All month-long volunteers will be informed and taken out of the field. They will all isolate/quarantine for 5-7 days before all taking a COVID-19 test. We will share information on where you can get tested. You may use a NMD vehicle to go to a testing site.
  • If your test result is negative, you are welcomed to resume desert aid work.
  • If your test positive for COVID-19, we will provide a space for you to isolate until you are cleared by a medical professional. At that time, you may return to the desert or return home if you wish.
How can I travel to Tucson for the month-long program if accepted?

  • Travel in a private vehicle:
    • We strongly encourage driving to Tucson.
  • Vehicle Rental: You are welcome to travel in a rental vehicle with the same stipulations as above.
  • Travel via plane, train, or other group travel:
      • All volunteers traveling by these means must wear an N95 or KN95 mask during their travels, this mask will be provided by the organization.
Do I need to quarantine upon arrival to Tucson?

Volunteers traveling to Tucson do not need to quarantine upon arrival, however we have implemented the following COVID-19 testing and distancing measures to ensure the safety of our volunteers staying in organization provided housing:

  • Before arrival: A negative COVID-19 PCR test result 72 hours prior to arrival in Tucson is required.
  • After arrival: Volunteer is required to take a COVID-19 PCR test 3-5 days after their arrival.
  • During this period of time, distance appropriately within the house/isolate from the rest of the household, mask in common spaces (N95/KN95 provided).
  • Ventilation during 3-5 day isolation in the house (windows open).
  • In vehicles: mask on windows down.
  • Follow COVID protocols in the field.
What protocols are being implemented while I am in Tucson on breaks?
  • Within the Volunteer House:
    • Each month-long volunteer will have their own sleeping space.
    • Month-long volunteers will be sharing a bathroom and kitchen space. While in shared spaces, volunteers are expected to wear masks and sanitize surfaces.
    • Month-long volunteers may also, by group consensus, choose to form a “pod” like in any shared housing situation, where roommates choose to take on collective agreement and understanding of each other’s risk levels in exchange for ability to share space and socialize without masks or other social distancing protocols between themselves.
    • Month-long volunteers will be expected to keep the house clean and sanitize high touch surface areas on a regular basis.  
    • The volunteer house is an organizational space – local volunteers and/or logistics coordinators may stop by to drop things off occasionally. During these times, all people must be wearing masks inside the house.
Other aspects of Tucson life?
  • Volunteers are expected to remain within the green or yellow areas of the risk assessment in their activities in Tucson — for example, maintaining appropriate social distancing if seeing friends who live in Tucson, wearing a mask when out in public, not doing high-risk activities like going to bars, etc.
  • Tucson currently has a mandatory mask requirement so people you encounter in public spaces (grocery store, etc.) will most likely be wearing masks as well.


Can I/my group come for a day to volunteer and/or visit?

Many people, both visitors and locals, ask to come out with No More Deaths for a day. Because those we are providing humanitarian aid to can be in extremely vulnerable circumstances, we are not able to host day guests who are unaffiliated with No More Deaths at our field sites.

If you are interested in seeing more of our work in the interest of sharing it with your own communities or media outlets, please contact our media coordinator, who may be able to organize a site visit to some of the other places where we work in southern Arizona. Please give at least three weeks notice.

(See also Can we come as a group to volunteer together?)

How can I volunteer with No More Deaths?

Please see the main volunteer page. If you do not live in Tucson, Phoenix, Flagstaff, Ajo, or Arivaca and you wish to volunteer for less than a month, please consider our summer and spring volunteer programs; for a month or more, please consider our month-long program. If you do live “in town,” please see the local volunteering page for ways of getting involved in Desert Aid and other No More Deaths projects at a local level.

We have extremely limited capacity for those who wish to volunteer outside of our established programs. Requests are considered individually.

What sort of training is provided to new volunteers?

All new volunteers must attend a Desert Aid training before working in the field. This training covers border history and the history of No More Deaths. It also explains our protocols, group agreements, legal and safety issues, and issues of power and privilege. The trainings are generally hosted in Tucson and last a full day.

Volunteers also get an orientation to the local community context of Arivaca upon arrival. However, most pertinent training is ongoing throughout your volunteer experience, for different skills such as GPS navigation and vehicle checks.

What does a typical day look like in the desert?

Every day is different, depending on what is needed in the field and what volunteers are up for.

The goal of the Desert Aid volunteer program is to maintain water and supply drops on known migrant trails via driving and hiking.

To achieve this goal, Desert Aid volunteers drive to remote areas of the desert on unpaved, rough roads, sometimes spending several hours in the car. Volunteers then hike to water-drop points up to two miles away over steep or rocky terrain, with no shade, carrying water, canned food, blankets, and other items. Over the course of a day, volunteers may hike five to 15 miles total. Depending on ability, volunteers may carry multiple gallon jugs of water (weighing eight pounds each) on each hike — but many people start easy and build up strength over time.

Other possible activities include search-and-rescue or search-and-recovery missions, which may involve hiking over rough terrain.

There may also be a chance to take an additional trip to Ajo, Arizona, where we also have a base of operations. Month-long Desert Aid volunteers can also take time off to be in Tucson to rest and catch up on laundry.

Who will I be volunteering with?

Volunteers in the program will be accompanied by long-term volunteers (“facilitators”), who are familiar with protocols, can lead driving patrols, and often speak Spanish and have medical training. Most facilitators are based in Tucson or Arivaca, and are volunteers (not paid) balancing their No More Deaths time with school, work, family, and other commitments. Facilitators typically come out for anywhere from a couple of days to a week or more, depending on their availability. You will work with a rotating cast during your volunteer time.

Our facilitator capacity generally determines how many volunteers we accept and our overall level of activity. When capacity is reduced, we might do fewer patrols. We ask for your flexibility during your volunteer experience as facilitator capacity fluctuates.

We also work with Tucson-, Phoenix-, Flagstaff-, Arivaca-, and Ajo-based “in-town” volunteers, who may come out for shorter stints on a year-round basis depending on their availability.

Occasionally, we host media visits, delegations, allies, and other visitors. Volunteers will be informed of any guests during their stay.


Am I eligible to volunteer?

We invite people of conscience everywhere to join in this effort. Participation requires no special skills or background, although Spanish and medical skills are helpful. We require only a commitment to putting one’s beliefs into practice. If you are willing to tolerate a degree of emotional intensity, stress, and physical discomfort for the sake of something you believe in, and you are physically able to hike mountain trails, carry weight, and tolerate bumpy car rides (under hot sun, most times of the year), we urge you to join us.

Please contact the volunteer coordinator if you have physical limitations and would like to volunteer, as we are often able to make special arrangements. See also Can my preexisting health conditions and/or severe allergies be accommodated?

What if I’m not a US citizen?

No More Deaths stands in solidarity with people of all statuses against the violence and oppression of the United States border and all borders worldwide. We believe it is imperative for solidarity organizations such as ours to take direction from impacted communities and to centralize the lead of undocumented and migrant folks in the struggle against the border crisis. One way we hope to do this is by making our work as accessible as possible to anyone who wishes to join us in the borderlands, regardless of their status.

Over the years, NMD has hosted folks of all statuses. However, under the current administration, movement of folks with anything other than US citizenship status is increasingly restricted and perilous. Border Patrol immigration checkpoints are proliferating: there are currently checkpoints on all roads that lead north from the border as well as on major highways to the east, west and south of Tucson. Plotting an overland route to and from Tucson that reliably avoids driving through a checkpoint can be challenging and may result in volunteers having to drive many long additional hours out of their way. Only U.S. Citizens can pass through Border Patrol checkpoints without worry. Increasingly, the response of Border Patrol agents to people with other statuses – students with visas, asylum applicants, DACA folks and others – has become much less predictable. Additionally, doing humanitarian aid work in the field increases volunteers’ exposure to BP agents. We cover the same terrain they do, and may run into them on the roads, in the border towns where we work or out on remote desert trails. In any of these places, Border Patrol has the authority to detain, question and arrest anyone they suspect of being undocumented.

At this time, No More Deaths has no legal recourse to protect undocumented folks if they are apprehended by Border Patrol and the threat of deportation, even for those with DACA status, is very real. People with discretionary statuses (such as visas and Permanent Residency) may face consequences to maintaining their status if they encounter other legal complications during their time with No More Deaths (i.e. being given a littering ticket for leaving water in the desert).

For folks who do decide to join us, it’s important that you bring:

    • A copy of your I-821D approval notice (DACA)
    • Your Employment Authorization Card (work permit)
  • A state ID/driver’s license (if available) or passport

You must carry your original documents and keep copies in a safe place (you may want to keep copies in your email account).

Our aim in providing this information is neither to recommend nor to dissuade anyone from coming. Rather, we want to provide all potential volunteers with as much information as possible so that they may make an as-informed-as-possible decision when considering joining us. We are always available to discuss further with interested groups or individuals about volunteering with us, especially regarding safety for all involved. Please reach out with any questions or for clarification. You can email our volunteer coordinator at  Also check out these other immigrant justice organizations in Tucson.

Can we come as a group to volunteer together?

We have recognized that volunteering as part of a church group, school group, or group of friends often makes it easier for volunteers to prepare for their trip and provides a natural and preexisting support network for challenging work and a good starting place for organizing for migrant justice when volunteers return to their home communities.

However, we do not have the capacity to accommodate groups or even pairs of volunteers all year round, not even groups of two. If you would like to volunteer for No More Deaths as a group, please consider applying for the spring volunteer program or the summer volunteer program.

During the rest of the year (April–May and August–February), we typically cannot accommodate groups due to our capacity limitations. Groups of fewer than four may apply for the month-long program, but please keep in mind that due to the limited number of spaces, we may accept some members of the group and not others.

Can I get college credit and/or community-service hours through volunteering with No More Deaths?

No More Deaths does not have a program that offers college credit, but volunteers are welcome to keep track of their community-service hours and have the volunteer coordinator sign off on them, for school purposes or any other purposes.

How important is speaking Spanish and having medical training?

We appreciate a range of skills and backgrounds in volunteers. Spanish fluency and medical training are high-demand skills, but we also appreciate volunteers who can work on cars, create a loving presence for individuals in distress, help with construction projects, organize our sanitation practices, cook for large groups of people in an outdoor kitchen setting, and just generally be willing to wash dishes and help keep things running.

All volunteers will step up during the in-field training to take on roles that help our work function smoothly. There will always be long-term volunteers present who speak Spanish and have first-aid training. There is a medical team to support the provision of first aid.

Can I volunteer if I'm under 18?
Yes! However, volunteers under 18 need to be accompanied by a parent/legal guardian, and we need each person to fill out an application.


Will I be safe volunteering for No More Deaths?

Volunteering with No More Deaths is not risk-free. There are physical and emotional risks. The places around the world where humanitarian aid work is done are typically unsafe or at least uncomfortable places. The Arizona–Sonora border region is no exception as it is an increasingly militarized zone. The dangers that this region poses to humanitarian-aid workers are relatively minor in comparison to other global trouble spots. They are also less grave than the dangers that people in migration face. Still, they are very real. (See also Is No More Deaths’s work legal and Have volunteers experienced race-based harassment?)

As far as emotional risks go, our work can be very stressful. We meet people who have suffered and are suffering greatly and who are often caught in limbo in a situation with grave consequences for their lives and the lives of their families. The potential for vicarious trauma is high. We ask that you carefully consider your mental and physical capacity to work in such an environment before you apply to join us.

As far as physical risks go, the desert poses many dangers to health, including animals, insects, cactus spines, dehydration and heat exhaustion. Many of these dangers can be avoided by following the advice of those facilitating your volunteer experience. We take certain precautions to mitigate risk while in the field. While on patrols, we take cell phones, satellite phones, GPS, maps and other tools to prevent us from getting lost and enable us to seek help quickly in an emergency. Each patrol brings a first-aid kit and truck supplies in case of a breakdown, and typically each patrol includes a volunteer trained in first aid and able to speak Spanish.

Have volunteers experienced race-based harassment?

Unfortunately, yes. Racism and its effects exist everywhere in this country, and they are amplified on the border. One of the effects of intense border militarization that we encounter on a daily basis is racial profiling. NMD volunteers who are Latinx, or perceived to be, have encountered targeted harassment and profiling from law-enforcement agents and others in the field. We regularly encounter Border Patrol agents at checkpoints and on patrol, sometimes in cars and sometimes on foot in remote places.

We recognize that although we work to support our volunteers and minimize risks wherever and however possible, we are working in the context of systemic and violent racism. You should consider the personal risks you may face. Ask the volunteer coordinator if you have questions or concerns.

Within the organization, we set out group agreements to respect all volunteers and work with each other in the spirit of service and direct communication. We do not tolerate harassment within our work, and we are committed to immediate conflict resolution when issues arise.


Do I need my own vehicle to participate?

No. We have vehicles to transport volunteers to the desert from Tucson, and to go out on patrol and do water drops. However, we cannot provide transportation around Tucson for volunteers. This means that we generally do not provide airport and/or bus station pickups, or transportation when volunteers are in Tucson on breaks. The volunteer coordinator can provide information on public-transportation options, and sometimes, a bike is available.

Whenever possible, we ask groups of five or more volunteers who participate in our spring and summer volunteer programs to provide their own transportation to the field. Normally, this means renting or borrowing a four-wheel-drive, high-clearance vehicle, such as a pickup truck or SUV.

Will I be expected to drive?

Volunteers who are comfortable with it may be asked to drive No More Deaths vehicles or personal vehicles from Tucson to Arivaca on the highway. Volunteers who stay for several weeks may be trained to drive our trucks on back roads, depending on our needs and the skills of volunteers. A valid driver’s license and training by a facilitator are required.

Is there somewhere I can store my car (or other stuff) while I’m in the desert?

Generally, yes, just let the volunteer coordinator know and they’ll arrange it.

Will I be in the field for the entire time I’m in the program?

It depends on the length of your volunteer stay. Volunteers working with us for a week can expect to be in the field all week after the training. Volunteers who work with us for a month or more can expect to take regular breaks in Tucson to rest and recuperate. No More Deaths provides housing for these volunteers in Tucson; however, you may need to cover your own food costs.

Is housing provided?

We provide short-term housing for out-of-town volunteers immediately before and immediately after their volunteer commitment, as well as on breaks from the field. We do not provide long-term housing or housing beyond the volunteer period.

What do I need to bring?

See our packing list!

If you do not have access to certain items on the packing list, please check out our Gila Gear-Lending Library.

What’s the weather like?

The weather varies with the season. Please look up the weather and climate in Arivaca, Arizona to see what it will be like while you are here.

The Sonoran Desert is very sunny most of the year. April through August tends to be very hot. Heavy monsoon rains begin in mid-July and last through early fall; during monsoon, there can be rapid temperature drops and electrical storms. During the late fall and winter, it may be below freezing at night. Please pack accordingly.

Can I use my cell phone in the field?

Though reception varies by provider, volunteers should not expect to have cell-phone coverage everywhere we go. Major cell companies have signal in the town of Arivaca, which volunteers pass through every day or two.  While out on patrol, cell service is intermittent, but can often be found at high points. We carry satellite phones when we will be in very remote areas.

Can dietary restrictions be accommodated?

Most of the food we eat is vegetarian. We accommodate volunteers who are vegan or gluten-free or who have common food allergies or follow halal or kosher diets. For other dietary restrictions, volunteers may need to bring their own food. Please let us know about your diet on your volunteer application.

Can my preexisting health conditions and/or severe allergies be accommodated?

Yes, but we need your help. Please disclose on your volunteer application any preexisting health condition or severe allergy that may affect your time in the desert.
Because we are often in remote areas, it is important that we be prepared to respond to any health emergency, including but not limited to those that require medical evacuation. This is why full disclosure is essential.

Taking it home

How can I document my time with No More Deaths?

We encourage volunteers to document their experiences through photos and journaling. However, it is critically important that patient privacy be maintained. We are providing care to undocumented individuals in dire and often life-threatening situations. Volunteers are not permitted to take photographs of migrants receiving aid, and may not disclose their names or other individually identifying information. We also discourage you from telling their stories for them, even if you do so without identifying them.
Share your own experiences, not those of others. See also What are the best ways to support No More Deaths’s work before or after volunteering with Desert Aid?

What are the best ways to support No More Deaths’s work before or after volunteering with Desert Aid?

We encourage volunteers coming from outside Arizona to “bring home” their experiences on the border. While it may be more visible in the areas where NMD works, the border is everywhere and affects people living in all parts of the United States.

Bringing home your experiences could mean connecting with migrant-justice issues and organizing in your community; presenting on the effects of border militarization at your school or church or in a community group; connecting with programs that visit immigrants in detention in your state; writing an article for a local paper about your experiences; organizing a sock/backpack/shoe drive; hosting a benefit party; or sharing your stories on social media.

For any media work (including social media), No More Deaths expects volunteers to speak from their own experiences and represent their individual backgrounds and motivations. Volunteers should not speak on behalf of No More Deaths to the press. This role is limited to designated NMD media liaisons. (See also How can I document my time with No More Deaths?)

Be sure to tell us how you “took it home” so we can share it with the broader NMD community!

For more information

If your question wasn’t answered by any of the above, please contact our volunteer coordinator at